Ask the Experts
I’m getting ready to hire staff for the first time, and I want to be sure that I comply with the laws pertaining to new hires. What forms do I need to fill out and what should I do first?
Labor Law: The Basics
Employment eligibility verification is just one of many state and federal laws business owners must abide by. The list below summarizes several others with websites for additional information.
Federal Labor Laws
Federal Minimum Wage Requires employers nationwide to pay a minimum wage of $7.25 per hour and overtime pay of not less than one-and-one-half times the regular pay rate after 40 hours of work per week. (www.dol.gov)
Occupational Safety and Health Act Requires businesses to protect their workers from health and safety hazards on the job. (www.osha.gov)
The Americans with Disabilities Act Prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities; requires public accommodations and commercial facilities to comply with specified accessibility standards. (www.ada.gov)
Family and Medical Leave Requires businesses employing 50 or more to give certain employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave per year (26 weeks for qualifying military caregivers) while preserving their health benefits. (www.dol.gov/whd/fmla)
Equal Pay Act Prohibits wage discrimination between men and women performing substantially equal work within the same workplace. (www.eeoc.gov)
state Labor Laws
Florida Minimum Wage Requires employers in Florida to pay a minimum wage of $8.46 per hour; for tipped employees, the minimum wage is $5.44 per hour.
Workers’ Compensation Requires employers with four or more employees (full- or part-time) to carry workers’ compensation coverage for their employees; different requirements apply for construction and agriculture. (www.myfloridacfo.com/division/wc)
Child Labor Workers under age 18 cannot work in certain hazardous occupations, including excavation, electrical work, roofing and mining, or around explosives, toxic or radioactive substances or dangerous equipment. Additional occupations are banned for children ages 14-15. Minors cannot work during school hours without an exemption.
Background Checks Private citizens or companies may request a state-only criminal history record check of an individual through the Florida Department of Law Enforcement website for a fee of $24 per case.