Updated 11 months ago
Seald Sweet’s business has increased about 30% since Mayda Sotomayor-Kirk arrived in 2000, with all the growth coming from citrus imports and deciduous fruit. Citrus imports have grown from less than 1% of revenue to 36%; deciduous fruit from zero to 14% of revenue. [Photo: Betsy Hansen]
Global trade eliminated that seasonal advantage, however. Buying fruit from around the world, Wal-Mart, and then other grocery chains, began to stock everything from blueberries to navel oranges and watermelon all year long. The international cornucopia eroded Florida growers’ status with their grocery customers in two ways: New competitors from Spain to South Africa took market share in the winter, and the Florida growers had no fruit to sell during the rest of the year.
By the 1990s, Florida’s oldest citrus cooperative, Seald Sweet, had begun trying to enter the import business, buying fruit from various overseas growers and reselling it in the U.S. The initial efforts were spotty and by most accounts halfhearted — dealing with foreign farmers was an uncomfortable proposition for the ultratraditional leadership of the cooperative, a non-profit organization that let the Florida growers combine their marketing and sales efforts. “Growers are sometimes their own worst enemy,” says Frank Hunt III of Hunt Bros. in Lake Wales, a member of the co-op since 1928.
Rare Sight: Sotomayor-Kirk is one of only a few women CEOs globally in her industry. “I think my passion for the industry comes from my heritage and my gut instinct for it from my gender.”
All in the Family: She married Mark Kirk in 1999 after meeting him at a produce convention. He helped raise her children, Michelle Sotomayor, now 23, and Carlos Sotomayor, 20. Carlos works for Seald Sweet as a citrus inspector in the company’s New Jersey operations.
For Fun: Since she spends more than a third of her time traveling around the globe, when Sotomayor-Kirk has time off, she likes to stay home and cook for friends and family and enjoy wines from around the world.
At a company whose historic leadership was all-white, all-male, all-Florida and all-citrus, Deprez’s and McEvoy’s first key hire was a shocker: A young, Cuban-American woman who admitted she didn’t know a navel from a Valencia.
Born in Cuba in 1962, Mayda Sotomayor-Kirk had moved to Miami when she was 3 with her parents, who were textile entrepreneurs. She started the University of Miami in prelaw — her father’s wish. But her plans changed when she took a part-time job at an import company, where she fell in love with the work of helping farmers in Honduras and Costa Rica grow and find markets for their melons and peas.
Upon graduation, Sotomayor-Kirk stayed on with the company full time, handling USAID grants to South American farmers. When the grants dried up in 1989, Sotomayor-Kirk had to look for a new job at a particularly bad time: With an infant and a toddler at home in Kendall, she was separated from her husband. She landed a position at Great American Farms, a former customer, and struggled with the 1½-hour commute to Pompano. “I remember crying all the way some days, just telling myself ‘I can’t do this. I can’t do this,’ she says.
“There is tremendous
growth potential for us in the United States.”
— Hein Deprez,
Levy describes Sotomayor-Kirk as a “fast learner with a great personality, who had a way with handling the moods and personalities and cultures of many different countries very, very well.”
But by 2000, Levy was struggling with the same import challenges Seald Sweet’s growers had encountered. It was difficult to maintain quality and supply without an ownership stake in foreign farms. Sotomayor-Kirk says she was crushed when Levy came to her to tell her he’d decided to pull back on imports. Her job was over.
Sotomayor-Kirk landed interviews with Deprez and McEvoy, who offered her a job as Seald Sweet’s director of imports. She wanted the position but felt the co-op’s headquarters in Vero Beach was too far from her father, who had grown very ill. On the morning she was going to turn down the offer, he died — a sign, she says, “that my father had given me his final go-ahead.”
Deals with growers in other countries
allow Florida citrus growers to meet demand year-round. Seald Sweet ships fruit from a South African packinghouse. [Photo: Seald Sweet]
At Seald Sweet, Sotomayor-Kirk’s learning curve began with the product. She knew import-export, but not citrus. She also had to navigate a cultural climate that she describes as more foreign to her than those she’d encountered in Honduras and Costa Rica. Initially, she found Florida’s citrus community insular and distrustful; she suspects it was some combination of her gender, her Hispanic heritage and having not been born to the industry. “Citrus was more good ol’ boy than any sector of the produce industry I had encountered in any part of the world,” she says. “It was just different.”
Sotomayor-Kirk’s ability to bridge cultural gaps served her well. She took the time to listen to Seald Sweet’s growers and answer their concerns about importing citrus. Why should companies like Hunt Bros. and Ben Hill Griffin Inc., then the largest owners, partner with growers they considered competitors and — well — foreign?
Doug Bournique, executive director of the Indian River Citrus League, which represents several of Seald Sweet’s growers, says it was a matter of survival: “When Kroger calls, you need to be able to give them the citrus they want 24/7, 365 or next time Kroger’s not going to call.”
Seald Sweet’s primary competitor, DNE World Fruit Sales of Fort Pierce, also has reached out globally to maintain its dominance in the fresh-fruit marketing business, first to Australia, where DNE began importing navels in 1992. The company went on to bring in honeybells, tangerines, lemons and Clementines from Australia, and in 2001 began to import its first shipments from South Africa. DNE, which continues to own Florida groves, such as the giant Fellsmere Farms, runs its import business out of New Jersey.
Another familiar Florida name, A. Duda & Sons, has eased out of the fresh-fruit growing business, although the company maintains its role as a fresh-fruit marketer. Over the past few years, Duda has sold about 3,000 acres in Indian River County and closed a packinghouse in LaBelle. The company recently sold its juice processing business to Peace River Citrus Products. But Duda has expanded its marketing presence in California and imports lemons from Mexico and Clementines from Chile.
Ultimately, the board agreed Seald Sweet should invest abroad in groves and export companies, such as Mouton Citrus of South Africa. In 2004, UniVeg acquired a majority of Seald Sweet shares. “They turned out to be visionaries,” Sotomayor-Kirk says of Seald Sweet’s Florida growers, who today own 20% of the increasingly valuable company. “They saw early that this was the future — the future was not just to protect your ground, but to open the door to new possibilities by giving your customers everything they want.”
International trade comes with its own issues, however. In 2007, federal law enforcement officials raided the offices of a number of citrus marketers, including Seald Sweet and DNE, its primary competitor, and seized records as part of an investigation into possible price fixing on South African citrus. Both DNE and Seald Sweet cooperated fully and told their suppliers they had done nothing wrong.
In November, the U.S. Department of Justice served subpoenas on leaders of the South African and Australian citrus industries at a convention in California, according to the Produce News, a trade publication. Seald Sweet, however, hasn’t heard anything additional from federal authorities since 2007, a company spokeswoman said in January: “We have cooperated fully with the DOJ’s requests and are confident they will confirm we operate under highly ethical business standards. We have provided them with all requested information and have heard nothing further to date.”
Another issue: Back in Florida, the increased focus on imported citrus is hurting some Florida farmers, says Tom Spreen, a professor of food and resource economics at the University of Florida. “She can sugar-coat it, but the fact of the matter is that it’s had a negative impact, particularly on Sunburst tangerines,” says Spreen.
Indeed, sales of early Florida tangerines have plummeted statewide with the popularity of Clementines, which roll onto the grocery shelves at just the same time. But Hunt says that for the Florida growers who import, internationalization has helped more than it has hurt. For example, when the devastating hurricanes of 2004 and 2005 slashed Florida’s citrus production, Seald Sweet was among the few companies that could meet demand and make a profit despite the dearth of Florida-produced fruit.
In 2007, Deprez named Sotomayor-Kirk CEO, crediting her with making Seald Sweet a globally integrated citrus operation. Having expanded the company’s transnational deals to include table grapes, apples and pears, she has since overseen the launch of a deciduous fruit division, adding blueberries, pineapples, cherries and other stone fruits to Seald Sweet’s lineup.
Seald Sweet grows Clementines in South Africa. [Photo: Seald Sweet]
Deprez and Sotomayor-Kirk both see a steady future for a Florida citrus business once hamstrung by old thinking. The state’s oranges and grapefruits will always be among the best in the world — even if limited by canker, greening diseases and other challenges.
And Sotomayor-Kirk, of course, has long since learned the difference between a navel and a Valencia. “Citrus is still our core,” she says, “and it always will be.”