October 24, 2014

A look at Brazil by-the-numbers

Statistics show why Brazil is such an important partner for Florida.

Mike Vogel | 12/28/2011

History: Brazil gained its independence in 1822 after more than three centuries of Portuguese rule. In 1985, the military regime ceded power to civilian rulers. Its current president is Dilma Rousseff.

Population: 203.4 million, the largest and most populous country in South America

Size: At 5.28 million square miles, Brazil is the fifth-largest country in the world (behind Russia, Canada, U.S., and China).

Capital: Brasilia

Major cities:

São Paulo, 19.96 million residents
Rio de Janeiro, 11.84 million
Belo Horizonte, 5.74 million
Porto Alegre, 4.03 million
Brasilia, 3.79 million

Language: Portuguese

Adult literacy: 88.6%

People:

53.7% white
38.5% mixed white and black
6.2% black
0.9% other (includes Japanese,
Arab, Amerindian)
0.7% unspecified

GNP: $2.17 trillion U.S. dollars, making its economy the ninth biggest in the world (behind the European Union, U.S., China, Japan, India, Germany, Russia and the U.K.)

Currency: Real (1 real = 56 cents)

Poverty: 26% of the country's population is below the poverty line.

Challenges: Highly unequal income distribution and high crime

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